55 years ago, Dr. F. Mason Sones, a Cleveland Clinic cardiologist, thought he had made a fatal mistake when he accidentally injected dye directly into his patient’s heart. But what seemed like a grave medical error in 1958 proved to be a monumental breakthrough. His ‘error’ helped launch the modern era of heart disease diagnosis, and allowed Dr. Sones to become a pioneer in what is now called coronary angiography, which allows doctors to see inside the heart and blood vessels.
Pip and Zip (Elvira and Jenny Lee Snow) Sisters from Georgia, they suffered from microcephaly, a disorder that causes the circumference of the head to be abnormally small. In the language of the side show, they were “pinheads.” Jenny Lee was 12 years younger, but had the intelligence of a 18 month old child. Elvira was about a five year old equivalent.