Ferdinand Magellaan (Portugees: Fernão de Magalhães, Spaans: Hernando de Magallanes; Sabrosa, lente 1480 - Mactan, 27 april 1521) was een Portugese ontdekkingsreiziger, die in Spaanse dienst de eerste zeilreis rond de wereld leidde. Tijdens deze reis sneuvelde hij op de Filipijnen.
Ferdinand Magellan (1480 -1521) was a Portuguese explorer and served King Charles I of Spain. Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named "peaceful sea" by Magellan and the first to cross the Pacific. It also completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth, although Magellan himself did not complete the entire voyage, being killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines